Ninavism - The Philosophy of Immortality
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1. Technological Immortality
2. Final Immortality
3. Life Creation and Propagation
4. Life Centres in the Universe
5. Reincarantion Combined with Resurrection
6. Complete Model of Immortality
7. Postimmortality
8. History & Evolution of Immortality
9. Ninavism
10. Supernatural Forces
11. Problem of Evil
12. Epistemology
13. Methodology
14. Compatibilities of Immortalities
15. Heaven(s) & Hell(s)
16. Implementation of Final Immortality
17. Implementation of Present Immortality
18. Paradoxes & Puzzles of Final Immortality
19. Animals & Plants
20. Atheism
21. Population Control
22. Gays
Glossary of Terms
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Chapter 19

Animals and Plants

Summary of Chapter

Immortality of Animals

According to some traditional religions, animals have Immortality. Ninavism supports this view, but restricts Immortality to some animals only. There are two types of animals; the first are Reincarnated humans - they have Immortality. The second type are animals per se, that never had a human form. They are not Reincarnated animals, because only humans can initiate the cycle of Reincarnation. Animals per se do not Reincarnate; they are born once, and die once; they do not have Immortality. The vast majority of animals belong to this type. Perhaps as many as 99.999%. Both types of animals do not have religion or morality. This applies to animals that in a previous life(s) were humans. People Reincarnated as animals are not humans in animal form. They do not have human brains. They are animals with a human Identity. However, this is not enough to create religion and morality. Only humans are able to do this.
      Animals have a limited influence on the quality of their own life. Humans Reincarnated as animals have little impact on Immortality. Their earlier life(s) as humans has influence on their subsequent Immortality after death as an animal. For this reason, Immortality of animals is mainly understood as Immortality of humans with short intervening periods in an animal form.
      There is one aspect of animal Immortality that is only loosely related to humans. This is the period before humans came into existence as a race. It is the time of the early days on planet earth, when only animals existed and no humans at all. Animals of that early period did not have any Immortality because they were all animals per se. After the rise of man, some animals acquired Immortality after death of believing human predecessor. Not all people develop a belief in Immortality. The process of converting animals into humans is not completed yet. Some men are animals per se. They are not Reincarnated people. However, due to capacity to develop a belief in Immortality and morality, they are still treated differently to animals.

Eating Meat

Some religions ban eating of particular types of meat, such as pork or beef. These prohibitions are not related to a belief in animal Reincarnation. For example, some Abrahamic religions ban pork, while not teaching Reincarnation explicitly. Most religious groups that explicitly support Reincarnation do not have an outright ban on eating all meat. For example, Hindu religion forbids only beef. There are rare exceptions, with some religious groups banning all animal products. However, even they make exceptions, like permitting drinking of animal's milk.

Permissibility of Eating Meat

Does Ninavism ban eating meat? The general answer is no, but it recommends some restrictions. The first issue in imposing restraints on meat is the availability of food. When it is scarce, or there are health problems related to malnutrition, no restrictions are applied to eating meat. There is no religious or philosophical justification on meat prohibition when humans face starvation; all meat is permitted in such a case. Sometimes alternative food is available, but it might lack caloric value; in such a case, eating meat is permitted. For example, people who work hard physically, and have limited access to high energy food, are permitted or even might have a duty to eat high caloric meat. In current times, there are minimal problems with a lack of food. The larger part of the world is actually oversupplied with food. There are serious obesity problems due to overeating. In this situation, Ninavism recommends some restrictions on eating meat. It is selective and depends on certain conditions.

Eating Meat Without Killing Animal

The Philosophy of Immortality considers eating meat in itself as neither moral nor immoral. It is the killing of the animal that might be moral or immoral. Killing an animal in self-defence is always moral. Killing it for fun is usually immoral. Killing an animal for food is sometimes moral and sometimes not. In a situation of food scarcity, killing an animal for food is moral, or even obligatory. However, if alternative high energy food is plentiful, then killing an animal for food is immoral. Does this mean that eating meat is immoral as well? The answer is no. The reason is that it is possible to obtain meat without killing an animal. Eating such meat is completely acceptable, and it is recommended by the Philosophy of Immortality.
      How is it possible to obtain meat without killing an animal? The answer is simple: wait till they die naturally and then eat their corpses. This is a common situation in the wild, where naturally deceased animals are eaten by other animals. Humans normally do not do it due to costs. Another factor is hygiene. Deceased animals need to be eaten quickly, before they decay. In the future, harvesting of naturally deceased animals could increase. This might be economical mainly for large animals, such as whales, elephants, hippos, buffalos, cows, etc. For example, in the future, humans might invent electronic chips attached to live animals in the wild or in captivity, that would monitor their hart beat. As soon as such a chip detects a death, it would send a wireless signal to the nearest station, indicating a need for retrieval of the corpse. For example, a fishing ship is able to monitor a large area of the sea and collect all naturally deceased whales quickly, within 1-2 hours after death, using an automated submersible. Such technology does not exist at present, and it is too expensive now, but it is likely to be introduced in the future. It should not agitate environmentalists, as they are opposed just to killing live whales. When such technology is introduced, the fishing industry would drop opposition to the ban on whaling. Without killing immature whales, the number of naturally dying ones will increase dramatically, and the final output of whales' corpses will be bigger.
      The same technology can be used in the future to farm animals. For example, cows and chickens might be harvested as well after a long and useful lifetime of providing milk and eggs. When they get too old to produce milk or eggs, they can be transferred to a retirement farm, where specially implanted chips would monitor them, sending signals after their natural death. The flesh of naturally deceased animals is called 'unkilled meat'. The practice of selling unkilled meat could run in parallel to sale of the meat from killed animals. The unkilled meat would be much more expensive than killed animals, because the cost is much higher. This will be like selling the meat of free range and caged animals that is already practiced. Free range animals are much more expensive than caged ones. However, free range meat is still not as good as unkilled meat, because free range animals are still killed.
      According to CMI (Complete Model of Immortality), there is little difference between the meat of animal per se and the meat of animal that is a Reincarnated human. If a given animal is Reincarnated human and it died naturally, then Ninavism considers eating the meat of such an animal as justified and acceptable. It is a view valid in current times. When people in the far future learn to distinguish animals per se from Reincarnated humans, then eating of animal meat will be treated differently for each type.

Dietary Restrictions

Some religions impose restrictions on eating of all food, meat and non-meat, in certain periods, such as fasting days, the month of Ramadan, etc. Another set of restrictions refers to the way food is prepared, such as kosher, halal, etc. All those dietary restrictions have deep religious and non-religious justifications. They increase faith by making sacrifices; they enforce discipline of the followers. This is useful inside and outside of religion. Discipline is important when running a business. People who strictly follow religious restrictions are capable of following commercial rules. From a religious perspective, it makes no difference what kind of meat is banned. For example, it would not make a difference in religious discipline if Jews and Muslims were forbidden from eating beef instead of pork. The type of meat is not important, only the restriction itself matters.


Humans might Reincarnate as plants. Since they have no nervous system and no brain, they are not able to develop morality, beliefs and a soul; they are never in Immediate World. Perhaps one plant in a billion or less, is Reincarnated human. If particular plant is a reborn man, then after death it might Reincarnate as a plant again, or as an animal, or as a human. According to Ninavism, there are no restrictions on eating plants in current times. This applies to all of them, regardless of whether they are plants per se or Reincarnated humans. This will change once people learn how to recognize plants that are Reincarnated humans.

Key Points of Chapter: