Ninavism - The Philosophy of Immortality
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SUMMARIES OF CHAPTERS:
Introduction
1. Technological Immortality
2. Final Immortality
3. Life Creation and Propagation
4. Life Centres in the Universe
5. Reincarantion Combined with Resurrection
6. Complete Model of Immortality
7. Postimmortality
8. History & Evolution of Immortality
9. Ninavism
10. Supernatural Forces
11. Problem of Evil
12. Epistemology
13. Methodology
14. Compatibilities of Immortalities
15. Heaven(s) & Hell(s)
16. Implementation of Final Immortality
17. Implementation of Present Immortality
18. Paradoxes & Puzzles of Final Immortality
19. Animals & Plants
20. Atheism
21. Population Control
22. Gays
 
Glossary of Terms
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Chapter 6

Complete Model of Immortality

Summary of Chapter

Components of Present Immortality


Present Immortality is the part of eternal life that exists in the current age. It is contrasted with technological and Final Immortalities that are also part of eternal life, but they do not exist yet; the aim is to create them in the future. Reincarnation is one part of Present Immortality. Traditional religions describe other parts of eternal life.
      The direct continuation of life after death is called Immediate Immortality or World. Classic examples of this type of Immortality are described by Animistic religions, Australian Aborigine beliefs, and others. Most Abrahamic groups support a continuation of life directly after death while waiting for the creation of Final World. Indian religions have the concept of a temporary life starting soon after death; it is called a realm. In some religions, Immediate World is thought to lie outside the earth, but connected to it. In other religions, it is inside the earth, but separated from it. Ninavism supports the concept of Immediate World as part of Immortality starting directly after death. Life there is temporary, in a similar fashion to Buddhist and Hindu realms.
      Traditional religions describe also another type of eternal life. The examples are Nirvana in Buddhism, Moksha in Hinduism, and the Saints of Christianity. This type of Immortality is a sleep-like condition; it lasts much longer than Immediate life. Ninavism calls this part of eternal life 'Semi-Permanent World'. It continues until the time when Final Immortality is created. Reincarnation, Immediate World, and Semi-Permanent World are the three main components of Present Immortality. They all exist in current times, and each one has a different form.

CMI


The components of Present Immortality might be connected with each other and Final World in many different ways. Many models describing transitions between Immediate Immortality, Reincarnations, Semi-Permanent World and Final Immortality might be constructed. One such model is presented in this book. It is called 'Complete Model of Immortality', or briefly 'CMI'. According to CMI, most people and some other living organisms cycle through the following stages:
    (1)   Immediate Immortality
    (2)   Reincarnation   OR   Semi-Permanent World
    (3)   Final Immortality

Step One: Immediate Immortality

Immediate World is the first step in life after death, as described by CMI. It is temporary, and is part of Present Immortality. It is similar to Buddhist and Hindu realms, and also bears resemblance to spiritual life of Australian Aborigines, Animistic religions, and some Abrahamic groups. According to Ninavism, all creatures that have a brain capacity enabling them to develop morality, enter Immediate World directly upon death. This includes most humans, but not all. For example, some people who are born brain damaged, do not have the capacity to understand morality; they do not enter Immediate World.
      Any animal that has a brain capacity to develop morality, enters Immediate World. The vast majority of animals are not able to do it, but there are exceptions. For example, some dogs that are attached and defend men as friends, might qualify for Immediate World. Before the rise of humans, there was no Immediate World, or it was empty. Many early humans were like animals, except a bit more intelligent. In the process of evolution, early humans with the largest brain capacities were entering Immediate World, while those still at the animal level, were not. Gradually, Immediate World started to expand. The process of converting animals to humans is not completed yet. Some people are born with a brain incapable of developing morality. They are still moral animals and do not enter Immediate World.
      Ninavism supports the view that the duration of stay in Immediate World is different for each individual and is always limited. It is in the range from one day to about 100 years. The maximum period is the time the last of the people known to the deceased have died. If a person died during childbirth, and did not have a chance to get to know men, the duration of stay in Immediate Immortality is short.
      The quality of Immediate life is different for each individual. In general, it depends upon life on the earth. Individuals are either rewarded or punished for their deeds in life in this world by having a good or poor quality Immediate life. A poor quality life is always temporary. The memories of the last life are preserved inside of Immediate World, both good and bad. The punished individuals need to know why they are being punished, and the rewarded ones enjoy the memories of their good deeds. Individuals in Immediate Immortality selectively watch life in this world that was left behind after their death. The good individuals watch a happy life left behind. The opportunity to watch is part of their rewards. The poor quality individuals watch the destruction left behind. This compulsory watching is part of their penalty.
      Ninavism defines Atheists as people who reject a belief in Immortality (see the chapter ATHEISM for detailed discussion). According to this definition, individuals who reject belief in traditional Supernatural Forces, but retain a belief in Immortality (natural or supernatural) are not Atheists. Most, if not all, Transhumanists, Posthumanists, and Singularitarians, are not considered by Ninavism to be Atheists, even if some of them erroneously declare themselves to be such. In Immediate World, the quality of life for Atheists depend on their morality on the earth. Atheists with a high morality, have a good quality life, while those with low morality have a poor quality. After the completion of stay in Immediate World, most Atheists vanish forever - the exceptions are those who are reborn humans. They obtained Identity in one of previous lives, and they are reborn.
      Animals and plants cannot be rewarded or punished, because they do not have morality. They normally do not enter Immediate Immortality. However, there are exceptions. Dogs, cats, and other pets that are attached to humans and die before the owners, are rewarded by staying in Immediate World and observing their owners who are still alive. When owners die, they also die painlessly. Those animals that are Reincarnated humans, are reborn.
      According to CMI, after the completion of stay in Immediate Immortality, individuals progress along one of three paths. The majority of individuals are reborn in this world, which is most common. The second path is reserved for perfect individuals only; they enter Semi-Permanent World, falling asleep and staying in this condition until Final Immortality is created. The third path is for humans who did not develop a belief in Immortality. They usually disappear forever. It is like the second death, but painless. These individuals will never reach Final World. The exceptions are those who are Reincarnated humans, that is one or more of their predecessors were believers. In this case, they will reach Final Immortality, depending on their other Reincarnations.

Step Two-A: Reincarnation

After the completion of stay in Immediate Immortality the majority of individuals are reborn in this world. Upon Reincarnation, the memories of their previous life are normally lost for the duration of new life. The Reincarnation might be in human, animal, or plant form, depending on their last life. In the interpretation adopted by Ninavism, new life is connected with their previous Reincarnation(s) by common Identity. More details are in the chapter REINCARNATION COMBINED WITH RESURRECTION. Some individuals are reborn immediately after death, without entering Immediate World. This applies to animals and plants that were born in the last life as Reincarnated humans; that is, one of their ancestors in previous life was a believer in Immortality. Animals and plants can Reincarnate as animals or plants several times in a row before they are born humans again.

Step Two-B: Semi-Permanent World

After the completion of stay in Immediate World, some individuals enter a sleep-like the condition that is called Semi-Permanent World. They are not reborn, but rather they wait for Final World. Only individuals who reach perfection enter this state. They must fulfil two conditions: have morality of the highest standard, and have a strong faith in Immortality. By avoiding Reincarnation, they avoid the suffering associated with life in this world. They do not have memories and do not observe the earth. Semi-Permanent World is part of Present Immortality, together with Reincarnation and Immediate World. Semi-Permanent World is known as Nirvana in Buddhism or Moksha in Hinduism. It resembles life of the Christian Saints.

Step Three: Final World

When Final Immortality is created, individuals are restored to perfection. Some religions call this process Resurrection. The era when Final Immortality starts is called by some religions, the End of the World. Traditionally, this age is considered to be an end of the imperfect world known today. Ninavism supports this concept but only for Final World where no imperfections exist; the world running in parallel to Final life might still be imperfect. When Final Immortality is created, all individuals waiting in Semi-Permanent World will be transferred there. The same happens to those in Immediate Immortality, with the exception of Atheists who vanish. A similar process occurs with humans still alive at the time of the creation of Final World.

Characteristics of Immediate and Semi-Permanent Immortalities


Visible and Invisible Parts of Present World

The visible part of the world, the earth, stars, and the most remote galaxies, is the universe that is observable by astronomers, investigated by rational reasoning and experiments. Apart from the visible part, religions and Ninavism believe that the universe has an invisible part, that is much bigger than the visible one. The invisible part of the world is the place where living creatures spend their Immortal life after death in the visible part of the world. The invisible part does not have to be located behind the stars, but rather, near the earth. It might be constructed of a different substance that is hard to detect, like dark matter. It might lie in another dimension, or in a parallel universe close to this. Alternatively, it might lie on a different planet in the visible universe. The invisible part is not detectable by human senses in the current age, but is discovered by means of irrational thinking, by heart. Immediate and Semi-Permanent Worlds belong to the invisible part of the universe. In the view of most religions, after death, people continue to live in a spiritual form. They are verified by feelings, but are not detectable in a scientific way in present times. This creates a duality of the world.

Passage to Immediate and Semi-Permanent Immortalities as Natural Process

Some religions treat spiritual continuation of life after death as a natural process. For example, Australian Aborigines treat spiritual Immortal life as something completely natural, not supernatural. Some Hindu philosophical models of Afterlife also have the same approach. Other religions, notably most Abrahamic groups, treat spiritual continuation of life after death as at least partially due to the intervention of Supernatural Forces. The two views are compatible because the outcome is the same: life after death.
      In some implementations, Ninavism considers continuation of life after death and the passage into Immediate World, as natural process described by the Laws of Nature. These laws are part of religion. One might ask why any Laws of Nature are treated as religious, and not simply as science, like other Laws of Nature? The answer lies in the verification procedure. Any laws need to be verified. The parts of the Laws of Nature that describe Immediate Immortality are not subject to experimental verification at present. Therefore, these Laws of Nature are treated as a religious belief in the current age. This creates duality of the Laws of Nature. Some of them are part of religion and some others are part of science.

Compatibility with Final Immortality

Final life that comes after the End of the World is full, complete, and of the highest quality. In contrast with this, the part of Immediate life that comes directly after death is considered by some religions to be partial, and of lower quality. The difference between the two lives is manifested by term such as 'Resurrection', which indicates that spiritual life is incomplete. Resurrection means adding something to incomplete Immediate life. Immediate World starting directly after death does not contradict the concept of Final Immortality in the far future. Immediate Immortality is used as a stepping stone into the construction of Final one.
      Semi-Permanent World is also not a replacement for Final World. For example, some philosophies describe Nirvana as a state of non-existence, like emptiness. In Abrahamic religions, sleeping while waiting for Final World is not the replacement for a final awakening. Semi-Permanent World is fully compatible with Final Immortality; it is another stepping stone towards it.

Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology

The ontology of Immediate and Semi-Permanent Worlds is usually thought to be spiritual rather than material. The reason for this is that if it was material, then it would be scientifically detectable, which it is not. However, material Immediate and Semi-Permanent Immortalities are possible as long as they are located on a different planet, in a different dimension, or in a parallel universe, that are hard to access. There is another possibility that the type of matter which forms the ontological substance in Immediate and Semi-Permanent Worlds is not ordinary matter, but rather dark matter that cannot be directly observed in the current age. Other details of Immediate and Semi-Permanent Worlds are in the chapter IMPLEMENTATION OF PRESENT IMORTALITY. The epistemological justification for CMI is presented in the chapter EPISTEMOLOGY, and the methodological justification is in the chapter METHODOLOGY.

Interpretations of Present Immortality


Present Immortality is not a task for the future, like Final World. Present Immortality is not planned by humans as an engineering project, at least not in the current age. It might be created by Humans of Future as one of their tasks, but it has not occurred yet, and it will not happen soon. So, if humans are not responsible for the creation and maintenance of Present Immortality, then who or what is? There are a few answers to this question. The first one treats Present Immortality as a natural process, like other chemical or biological events on the earth. It might be caused by mind activity. However, it is not located in a brain but rather in a hidden world as an objective natural phenomenon. Many theories of that process can be created.
      The second answer is that Present Immortality is created and maintained by anthropomorphic forces. They might be natural or supernatural. Ninavism describes a few models of Present Immortality. In one of them, Present Immortal life is created and maintained by natural anthropomorphic forces known as Aliens. Some traditional religions support the concept of supernatural anthropomorphic forces, known as God(s) or Avatar(s), being the creators of Present Immortality. This is the third answer to the question about who is responsible for Present Immortality.
      In the far future, humans might take over the management of Present Immortality from Nature, Aliens, or traditional Supernatural Forces. They could do it for themselves, and in addition, they might create Present Immortality for other life centres, like that of their children living on different planets or universes. More details about who or what is responsible for the creation of Immediate Immortality, Reincarnation, and Semi-Permanent World are presented in the chapter IMPLEMENTATION OF PRESENT IMMORTALITY.

Multiple Implementations of CMI


CMI is a generic description of Immortality. The same logical model can be implemented and interpreted in many different ways. For example, in the first, Present Immortality (including Immediate World, Reincarnation and Semi-Permanent World) are created by Nature, while Final World is created by Humans of Future. In the second implementation of CMI, Present Immortality is created by Aliens or traditional Supernatural Forces, while Final World is created by Humans of Future. In the third implementation, both Present Immortality and Final one are created by Nature, without the participation of Humans, Aliens, or traditional Supernatural Forces. The religious implementation is that both Present Immortality and Final World are created by traditional Supernatural Forces, without help from Humans, Aliens, or Nature.
      Ninavism accepts all implementations as valid. The important feature of CMI is making Reincarnation and Resurrection compatible, for both traditional religions supporting supernatural events, and for the philosophies supporting natural processes with the construction of Final World by Humans, Aliens, or Nature; CMI does not indicate the exact mechanism or preference in this respect. From the point of view of a model, the precise mechanism is irrelevant, as long as the final result is the same.

Scientific Verification of Present Immortality


In the current age, Immediate World, Reincarnation, and Semi-Permanent World are subject to religious beliefs. This is not scientific knowledge; there is no empirical confirmation of Immediate life and sleeping in Semi-Permanent World such as Nirvana. Regarding rebirths, no one knows their own Identity at present. This means that nobody knows for sure what their previous Reincarnation was. Some Indian personalities claim to know this, but it is a religious belief without scientific proof. The aim is to discover Reincarnation's Identity in a scientific way.
      Scientific verification of Present Immortality is one of the major goals for mankind; this applies to all its components: Immediate World, Reincarnation, and Semi-Permanent World, with the aim of empirical confirmation. This would transform the invisible life from religious belief into scientific knowledge. The main aim of mankind is the creation of Final World in 10 million years. The minor goal of scientific verification of Present Immortality is related to the creation of Final World. Like the main aim, this secondary goal is timed at 10 million years. The justification for selecting this particular number is the same as the justification of timetable for Final World. This is described in the chapter FINAL IMMORTALITY.

Past Attempts to Verify Present Immortality

At the beginning of the 19th century, the new philosophical movements emerged with the aim of carrying out contact with the deceased in a scientific way. These were known under the names of 'Spiritism' and 'Spiritualism'. They had a form of performances called 'seances', that attempted to establish direct communication with deceased people. It was a brave idea; however, due to the shortcomings of contemporary science and technology, they did not quite live up to expectations. Their results did not find approval from the wider scientific community.
      Historically, traditional religions dominant in Middle East and Europe, discouraged contacts with deceased people. There were a few reasons for this; the rituals conducted during such ceremonies threatened a monopoly of official religions for Immortality. The conceptual ideas behind contacts with the dead contradicted Holy books and established theologies. However, the most important reason against contacts with deceased people was that they were unreliable and subject to manipulations. Ill-conceived verification of Immediate or Semi-Permanent Worlds, and Reincarnation brings more harms than benefits. When contacts with the world of the deceased fail, some people lose faith in Immortality. In view of Ninavism, it might take as long as 10 million years for scientific confirmation of Present Immortality.

Spirituality of Present Immortality


Sensing the nearby presence of recently deceased people has been reported for millennia. It has partially scientific and partially religious justifications. Recently deceased people are present in the minds of those who loved them. Deceased individuals are part of spirituality of alive humans. This spiritual life has a dual ontology. The first one is the world of subjective ideas about deceased people that are created in the brains of those still alive. Deceased people live in minds of alive humans. This part of spiritual ontology is subject to psychological investigation and scientific scrutiny. It is subjective and also objective, but ultimately it is subjective, because these ideas disappear with the death of people in whose brains they are created.
      The second part of spiritual ontology refers to the objective reality outside the mind and brain. It is believed that a subjective spiritual life is the representation of an objective reality independent from humans. The objective part of spiritual life is thought to be the source and inspiration for the subjective spirituality. This part of spiritual ontology is not scientifically detectable in the present age. It is subject to religious beliefs.
      Both forms of spiritual life apply to all parts of Immortality: Reincarnation, Immediate and Semi-Permanent Worlds. Spiritual life is generic. This means that it is normally not concerned with the technical details of Immortality. For example, spirituality is not concerned with such issues as who maintains Present Immortality; whether it is Nature, Aliens, traditional Supernatural Forces, or Humans of Future. Spiritual life was created thousands of years ago. It covers all methods of building Present Immortality without actually explaining the exact mechanism in which it works. It is like people who know how to use computers, but do not understand and do not care how computers work. Spiritual life refers to both subjective and objective ontology, without even distinguishing both parts. It is like one in two.
      Some technical details of Reincarnation, Immediate and Semi-Permanent Worlds are presented in the chapter IMPLEMENTATION OF PRESENT IMMORTALITY. They are limited because present knowledge is restricted. Spiritual life is a general method of describing Present Immortality, without actually considering technical implementation. Most people are not scientists or philosophers, and they prefer to leave technical details to engineers of Immortality. However, most people have direct access to their own spirituality, such as inner feelings, that provide them with a general way of interacting and understanding Present Immortality.

Salvation by Faith or by Morality


CMI supports salvation by faith in Immortality, regardless of participation in any particular religion. The question arises: is it salvation by faith alone, as promoted by some Evangelical churches? The answer is yes and no. As far as Final World is concerned, it is salvation by faith alone. This means that Final Immortality depends on faith only. It is the same for everyone, despite any moral shortcomings in this or in other Reincarnations. This is a similar view to some branches of Protestantism.
      However, for the parts of Immortality other than Final World, it is not salvation by faith alone. Immediate Immortality, Reincarnation, and Semi-Permanent World, all depend both on faith and morality. Faith without morality cannot deliver salvation in one life. Reincarnation is needed for poor quality individuals, even if their faith is strong. Semi-Permanent World can only be reached by perfect individuals.
      Ninavism reconciles historical controversy between proponents of salvation by faith alone and those stressing the importance of morality. CMI affirms a supremacy of faith, but without the traditional problems of permitting morally ugly men to gain the same as perfectly moral people. Simultaneously, it does not terrorize people with morality by degrading their Final life, which is the same for everyone even if some were not morally right in a particular lifetime.

Terror of Morality


There are people who are permanently undecided and uncertain as to whether what they are doing is moral or not. They do not want to suffer in Final life, and at the same time, they do not want to give up something in this life which moral value they are unable to evaluate properly. These people feel terrorized by morality, by the need to think of what is right and what is wrong. The belief in Reincarnation eases moral terror. Even if they make mistakes in one life, these can be corrected in the next. Morality is important in securing a good Immortality, but it should not paralyze decisions. Sometimes morally difficult decisions need to be taken for the sake of efficiency, even if these decisions appear to be immoral.

Compatibility with Traditional Religions


The views expressed by CMI are not exactly the same as those of traditional religions. Ninavism considers the differences to be compatible.

Immediate World

The differences between Immediate World of CMI and some religions (which include all Abrahamic) do not mean that those faiths are considered to be false. The truth or falsity of a religion does not rely on the accuracy of this or other details. The truth or falsity of religion depends on supporting the belief in Immortality, and showing paths to achieve it. All religions do it, and therefore they are all true.

Semi-Permanent World

Semi-Permanent World is for people of all religions who reach perfection. Due to differences in path to salvation, this part of Immortality is relative to religions. For example, some individuals get there using Buddhist enlightenment (Nirvana), while Saints of Catholicism are a different kind. Semi-Permanent World is static, without any change or evolution. Nirvana or Moksha are compatible with the creation of Immortality as the Human Goal. Religions without Semi-Permanent World reduce chances of getting there, but do not eliminate it. For example, followers of some Animistic religions have little prospect of getting there directly. Religions with explicit teachings about Semi-Permanent World make it easier and quicker to get there.

Reincarnation and Final World

Reincarnation is neglected, to a large extent, by Abrahamic religions. Resurrection is neglected, to a large extent, by Indian religions. Reincarnation is important for justice. Reincarnation alone without Resurrection is not complete, because people do not have memories of their other lives on the earth. CMI explains how rewards earned in one Reincarnation can be seen in the second life, but only after final Resurrection. Reincarnation and Resurrection complement each other.

Key Points of Chapter: