Ninavism - The Philosophy of Immortality
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SUMMARIES OF CHAPTERS:
Introduction
1. Technological Immortality
2. Final Immortality
3. Life Creation and Propagation
4. Life Centres in the Universe
5. Reincarantion Combined with Resurrection
6. Complete Model of Immortality
7. Postimmortality
8. History & Evolution of Immortality
9. Ninavism
10. Supernatural Forces
11. Problem of Evil
12. Epistemology
13. Methodology
14. Compatibilities of Immortalities
15. Heaven(s) & Hell(s)
16. Implementation of Final Immortality
17. Implementation of Present Immortality
18. Paradoxes & Puzzles of Final Immortality
19. Animals & Plants
20. Atheism
21. Population Control
22. Gays
 
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Chapter 5

Reincarantion Combined with Resurrection

Summary of Chapter

Reincarnation or rebirth is a concept of new live after death, both on the present earth. This is supported by a number of religions originating from India. The concept of Resurrection is final new life after the world, as it is known today, ceases to exist. This is supported by multiple religions originating in the Middle East.

Overview


Memories

After rebirth on the earth, the memories of previous life(s) are largely lost. Resurrection is different, because memories from life on the earth are retained. Ninavism supports the view that, after Resurrection, the memories of all Reincarnations will be restored. This will result in multiple personalities of the same individual who had many lives on the earth.

Compatibility of Reincarnation and Resurrection

Life on the earth after Reincarnation is better or worse than the previous one. It is well accepted in Indian religions and philosophy that even the best rebirth is still subject to suffering. In opposition to that, life after Resurrection is perfect, or almost perfect. For these reasons, Reincarnation cannot be treated as a replacement for Resurrection, which is the final eternal state of happiness. Ninavism interprets Resurrection as a special case of Reincarnation. Multiple repetitive Reincarnations and single final Resurrection are not the same, but they are compatible.

Reincarnation as Natural or Supernatural Process

Indian religions frequently do not explain who or what is responsible for Reincarnation. The cycle of rebirths is treated as a natural process by many Hindu schools of philosophy. Buddhism explicitly refrains from explaining Reincarnation, but insists that Nirvana is natural, without supernatural intervention. Some philosophical approaches attribute the existence of a rebirth cycle implicitly to Supernatural Forces, without their direct involvement with running the process. Both approaches, natural and supernatural, coexist peacefully, being compatible with each other. In some implementations, Ninavism interprets Reincarnation as run by natural forces, in other implementation, Reincarnation is the Law of Nature, and in the next implementation, Reincarnation is run by Supernatural Forces - details are in the chapter IMPLEMENTATION OF PRESENT IMMORTALITY.

Forms of Reincarnation

In a standard view of Indian religions, people are reborn into new life as either humans, animals, or plants. The disputed issue is whether all living organisms, including bacteria and algae, are reborn. According to Ninavism, Reincarnation is restricted to some living organisms only. Rebirths are not universal for all humans, animals, and plants. The main cause of Reincarnation is a belief in eternal life. All creatures that develop a belief in Immortality during their life on the earth, are Reincarnated. The majority of animals and all plants are not able to develop a belief in Immortality, because their brains are underdeveloped for this, or they do not have brains at all. Therefore, the great majority of living organisms are not Reincarnated. There are exceptions for those animals or plants that are Reincarnated humans.
      The terms, 'animals per se' and 'plants per se', are defined as referring to these organisms that are not Reincarnated humans. At least 99.999% of all living creatures are animals or plants per se. This is due to a large number of primitive life forms, such as microorganisms, algae, etc. Men of the present age are unable to distinguish which animals and plants are reborn humans, and which are not.

Advancement or Regression of Rebirths

All Indian religions support the view that the quality of life in next Reincarnation depends upon the morality of previous life. This is known as Law of Karma. A good life improves Karma, while a bad life reduces it. The quality of rebirth depends upon the quality of Karma. Ninavism supports the link between the morality of previous life and the quality of rebirth. Reincarnation is either advancement, regression, or the same, compared to the previous life. The mechanism for the advancement or regression of human form is different than for Reincarnated animals or plants. Human's progress depends on a person's morality and religion. Animals and plants that are Reincarnated humans do not have morality and religion. Their progress is more like Law of Nature, as described by Hindu or Buddhist religions. They are tied to inner growth or decay, and to last life as a man. Animals or plants per se do not normally advance or regress because they are not reborn. The exception is when living organisms start to develop a belief in Immortality; then they start to progress. This is what has happened to early humans who just emerged from animal form.

Identities


The question arises as to how Reincarnation is connected with the previous life? It is not connected by the body, because each new Reincarnation has a new one. It is not connected by the memory because, from experiences, it is known that new Reincarnations normally do not remember previous lives. Ninavism describes the connection between different Reincarnations using the term 'Identity'; this is something which is shared by all Reincarnations of the same living organism. Identity is a logical description; it can be implemented in many different ways.
      For the duration of life in this world, Identity of the organism is not important. Currently nobody knows their own Identity. However, their importance is revealed in the Final Immortality, where people will learn Identity. They will regain memories of all their Reincarnations with the same Identity, but will not gain access to the memories of different Identities.
      According to Ninavism, living creatures obtain Identity in one of two ways. New Identity is created or assigned when living creatures which were born without it, develop a belief in Immortality. This is the original way of obtaining Identity. This is the way early humans obtained Identity after evolving from animals.
      The second way is by obtaining already existing Identity from previous Reincarnation, that is from a deceased creature which either developed a belief in Immortality, or received Identity from earlier Reincarnations. The transfer or assignment of Identity is not genetic, but rather based on the quality of previous life, as described by Laws of Karma.
      Animals per se do not have Identity. Early humans without a belief in Immortality were animals per se, and as such, they did not have Identity. The process of converting animals into humans is not completed yet. Even in present times, some humans are born as animals per se, that is without Identity. If they develop a belief in Immortality during their lifetime, they obtain Identity and start Reincarnation cycle. Otherwise they die once, but they are still treated differently than animals per se because they have a brain capable of developing beliefs.

Transfers or Assignments of Identity

Identities are not passed genetically from one living creature to another. For example, descendants of an animal that is Reincarnated human, are not necessarily another or the same Reincarnated human. All humans are born as biological animals. Some at birth already have Identity from previous Reincarnation. In the current age, many human descendants are Reincarnated men. However, some humans are animals per se (everyday experience confirms this).
      A human child is, in many aspects, like an animal offspring. There is no guarantee that the human child is a reborn man. If it is not Reincarnated human, it is born like an animal per se. This case was common during the early stage of evolution, when men just evolved from apes. A human child needs to develop beliefs during their lifetime in order to be Reincarnated. If one does not develop them, one will be treated like an animal or plant. Children born with a severe brain defect have little chance to develop beliefs. Also children who died very early did not have time to do so. However, many of them are reborn humans who were born with Identity from previous Reincarnation. The strong grief and attachment of parents to an early deceased child is an indication that the child most likely is a reborn human. In such a case, that child will be reborn with the same Identity, and will be in Final World. Its Resurrected memories will be that of a happy life, not the unlucky one. Parents will be able to see this child in another happy life. According to Ninavism, if individuals created in Final World had one or more lives as an animal or plant, the memories of those lives will be lost. They will not have access to their plant or animal parts of life cycles.

Individuals with Multiple Lives

Ninavism supports the view that in Final World, multiple Reincarnations of the same Identity would be created independently. This means that the same Identity will have multiple bodies and personalities. This at first glance looks paradoxically from the perspective of this world, but it can be explained. For living creatures that had only one good life, only this Reincarnation would be physically created in Final Immortality. Other Reincarnations that were not that good, or even bad, will be restored as memories of the Resurrected one. It is like a person on the earth recalling different phases of their own life that they had a long time ago, childhood, teenage years, work in a foreign country for a few years, etc. For living creatures that had multiple good lives, more than one Reincarnation would be created in Final World. Multiple Reincarnations of the same Identity are completely different men, but with a sense of connection among them.

Interpretations and Implementations


Reincarnation can be implemented and interpreted in many different ways. Ninavism describes Reincarnation in a generic way using the concept of Identity which is treated as something in common between different rebirths. The other frequent way of explaining Reincarnation is by using the concept of a soul. In this interpretation, the consecutive Reincarnations of the same person are different embodiments of the same soul. This approach is common in some Hindu schools of philosophy. However, this is not universal, because such a big religion as Buddhism does not use the concept of a soul. Christians have a tendency to interpret Reincarnation using the concept of a soul. This is partially caused by the familiarity of Christianity with this idea from traditional theology. Some Christian thinkers treat rebirths as a return to this world of the same Immortal soul, after the death of the material body.
      Ninavism treats the concept of a soul as a particular implementation of Reincarnation. One might be tempted to claim that Identity is the same as a soul. The answer is that Identity is similar to a soul, but not the same. Each soul is unique, and therefore it can be identified; it is sort of Identity. However, the concept of Identity is more general than a soul. Identities can be created by assignments. For example, programmers assign Identity to a character created within the computer, but such Identity is not a soul. Identities do not require an ontological substance that souls usually need. The chapter IMPLEMENTATION OF PRESENT IMMORTALITY describes computerized forms of Immortality, including technological Reincarnation.

Methodological Justification


It has been noticed that life in this world is like a lottery. Some people are born healthy, talented, and rich, while other people are born with shocking disabilities, without talent, and poor. Some people have a happy life without any effort of their own, while others suffer horribly through no fault of their own. Life in this world seems to be unjust and unfair in many individual cases. Reincarnation solves problem of injustice and unfairness. In one life a person is born happy, while in another Reincarnation, they are born into an unhappy life. Over many rebirths, the average fairness of life is about the same for a given organism. The concept of Resurrection alone, which assumes only one life in this world, does not give justice to an unhappy life. Supporters of Resurrection alone would say that individuals will be rewarded in Immortality. However, it seems that everyone would be rewarded the same, regardless of suffering or happiness in this world.
      The advantage of Reincarnation is concurrency with this world. This is good because deceased people can start new life soon after their death. Being born again in this world provides a solution for people wishing to live again, but creates a problem for those who dislike this world, which frequently is an unhappy place. Both Reincarnation and Resurrection have advantages and disadvantages. People in general, are not able to choose how to organize the world. They cannot decide how the world is run. Even if one of the models of Immortality is decisively better or worse than another, people are unable to change it. Men have only an influence on their individual fate and how they are Reincarnated or Resurrected.
      However, there is methodological justification for choosing either Reincarnation alone, or Resurrection alone, or the model of Reincarnation combined with Resurrection, based on their relative advantages and disadvantages. If one model is decisively better than another, and there are no other arguments to support either of them, then it is methodologically justified to choose the model which seems to be more beneficial to people. It is similar to the well-known principle of Occam's Razor, which says that for alternative theories with equal logical values, the methodologically justified is one which is the simplest. It seems that the model of Reincarnation combined with Resurrection is more beneficial than Reincarnation alone, or Resurrection alone. In such a case, it is considered methodologically superior.

Compatibility with Traditional Religions


Reincarnation

Ninavism expresses the view that Reincarnation applies to all people, regardless of religion. Followers of religions that do not teach about Reincarnation are also subject to Reincarnation. This applies specifically to all Abrahamic religions. Does this mean that Abrahamic religions are false? The answer is no. Abrahamic religions are true because they teach a belief in Immortality and they show a path to salvation, despite some omissions.
      Religions that support Reincarnation, such as Hinduism or Buddhism, make it easy to Reincarnate. They facilitate a path to Reincarnation, teaching how to do it properly. Religions without explicit knowledge of Reincarnation, such as Abrahamic, reduce chances of being Reincarnated, but do not eliminate it. Is Reincarnation good or bad? Some people like Reincarnation, others do not. Religions, such as Hinduism or Buddhism, show a circular way to Final World. Abrahamic religions, with less chances of Reincarnation(s), show a quicker path to Final Immortality.

Resurrection

According to Ninavism, Resurrection (which is Final Immortality) applies to all people. This includes followers of religions which do not teach explicitly about Resurrection, like traditional Australian Aborigines beliefs, animistic religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. Does it mean that all those religions are false? The answer is no. They are all true because they teach about Immortality, despite some inaccuracies.
      Religions without an explicit teaching in the End of the World and Resurrection, like those originating from India, contribute less to creation of Final life than Abrahamic religions which express direct support for that. The Reincarnation is not complete without Resurrection, because memories of previous lives are lost in this world. The Ninavism supports the view that memories are regained in Final Immortality. In this way the rewards in next life can be seen.

Key Points of Chapter: